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NASM (National Academy of Sports Medicine) Since 1987 NASM has been the global leader in delivering evidence-based certifications and advanced credentials to health and fitness professionals. NASM's products and services are scientifically and clinically proven. They are revered and utilized by leading brands and programs around the world and have launched thousands of successful careers. The industry leader the NASM Certified Personal Trainer (CPT) credential is the most respected personal training certification in the health and fitness industry. NASM first garnered attention by pioneering the exclusive Optimum Performance Training (OPT) method the first science based training system in the industry.

The Corrective Exercise Specialist (CES) is an advanced specialization and knowledge base only available through NASM. A Corrective Exercise Specialist will help people prevent injuries and recover more quickly from injury or range and mobility impairment. And given that the majority of our population is far too sedentary, the chances you'll be injured or suffer from a range of motion impairment are greater. The CES uses a dynamic structural assessment to find mobility and or stability issues. Following this assessment the CES will apply the corrective strategies used by NASM.

The Performance Enhancement Specialization (PES) gives the trainer expertise to improve performance at any level, in any sport. It's so good, top teams in the NFL and NBA has now begun requiring the NASM-PES credential.

© James Chapman - Chapman’s Body Dynamics - Hands and Arms Etching

FMS (Functional Movement Screen) is the product of an exercise philosophy known as Functional Movement Systems. This exercise philosophy and corresponding set of resources is based on sound science, years of innovation, and current research. Put simply, the FMS is a ranking and grading system that documents movement patterns that are key to normal function. By screening these patterns, the FMS readily identifies functional limitations and asymmetries. These are issues that can reduce the effects of functional training and physical conditioning and distort body awareness. The FMS generates the Functional Movement Screen Score, which is used to target problems and track progress. This scoring system is directly linked to the most beneficial corrective exercises to restore mechanically sound movement patterns. Exercise professionals monitor the FMS score to track progress and to identify those exercises that will be most effective to restore proper movement and build strength in each individual.

What it Does - Widespread Benefits: The FMS simplifies the concept of movement and its impact on the body. Its streamlined system has benefits for everyone involved - individuals, exercise professionals, and physicians.

Communication: The FMS utilizes simple language, making it easy for individuals, exercise professionals, and physicians to communicate clearly about progress and treatment.

Evaluation: The screen effortlessly identifies asymmetries and limitations, diminishing the need for extensive testing and analysis.

Standardization: The FMS creates a functional baseline to mark progress and provides a means to measure performance.

Safety: The FMS quickly identifies dangerous movement patterns so that they can be addressed. It also indicates an individual's readiness to perform exercise so that realistic goals can be set and achieved.

Corrective Strategies: The FMS can be applied at any fitness level, simplifying corrective strategies of a wide array of movement issues. It identifies specific exercises based on individual FMS scores to instantly create customized treatment plans.

James Chapman - Chapman’s Body Dynamics

NMT (Neuromuscular Therapy) NMT includes a full postural assessment to determine the muscular imbalances in the body. Treatment is based upon those findings to rebalance the body. In short, the assessment allows the practitioner to create a "blueprint" or plan for treatment. The client is measured in both the standing and supine (lying down) positions. NMT systematically examines the muscles, tendons, ligaments, organs, and other soft tissues to eliminate this potential cause of a person's pain. The restoration of proper posture and biomechanics (our moving posture) is also crucial in this process. Improper posture and movement means that our body has to work harder: if our bones aren't holding us up, then our muscles have to. Often physiological problems are alleviated simply because the body becomes able to function more efficiently in gravity.

NMT Stages of Rehabilitation: When a person suffers an injury, there are certain stages they must go through to ensure efficient recovery. Failing to go through these stages or attempting the stages in improper order often leads to reinjuring the affected site and possibly increasing the severity of the original injury. Following these five stages in order, leads to optimal recovery in the shortest amount of time:
1. Eliminate sources of noxious proprioception (pain).
2. Restore functional range of motion.
3. Restore biomechanical efficiency.
4. Increase muscular strength and endurance.
5. Functional training.

NMR (Neuromuscular Reprogramming) NMR is a manual-muscle-testing protocol and a manual therapy that is used to assess dysfunctions of the coordination system; these dysfunctions are usually from traumatic injury or overuse. NMR cues the brain for new learning resulting in the immediate correction of the neuromuscular imbalance. NMR works with the body's organizational intelligence. It addresses neuromuscular pain at its source: the motor control center of brain. NMR accelerates recovery from acute injuries, and resolves the persistent effects of chronic injury. NMR alleviates the debilitating effects of repetitive stress, and optimizes athletic performance. NMR Quickly restores muscle coordination, and Increases range of motion. NMR uses strategy not force to get over-toned muscle to release and under toned muscle back on line.

NKT (Neurokinetic Therapy) NKT is from the same camp as NMR. NKT is more systematic and works with a functional and sports medicine approach; were as, NMR has a more massage and intuitive approach while using the same skill set. Both camps are great. Neurokinetic Therapy provides a kinesthetic conversation with the brain through manual muscle testing and palpation, enabling you to fine-tune the motor coordination center to full function. NKT identifies, balances, and harmonizes muscles that are overworking (overstressed, hypertonic, or too tight and inflamed) with muscles that are underworking (weak and unresponsive).

© James Chapman - Chapman’s Body Dynamics - Legs and Feet Etching

MFR (Myofascial Release) MFR was developed by John Barnes, PT. It is a technique that uses gentle sustained stretching of the fascial tissues to restore them to their natural health and resilience. Fascia is tough, elastic, connective tissue that spreads throughout the body in a 3-D web from head to foot. There is nowhere fascia is not. It not only holds the body together and gives it its shape; it is also the largest sensory organ in the body and responsible for keeping the tissues moist and lubricated. When damaged, fascia can become dry, stiff, and glued together through inflammation caused by trauma, scarring, surgery, repetitive motion, and poor biomechanics. Fascia has the ability to go from a solid state to a liquid state (thixotropic) when warmed or heated by kinetic energy. Myofascial Release uses this principle to restore damaged fascia by using this sustained, gentle stretching technique in an infinite number of ways.

Trigger Point therapy: Trigger points are found in taut or constricted bands of muscle and fascia (myofascial). They are extremely tender when touched and refer pain to different parts of the body. Trigger points are always involved in acute and chronic pain patterns. By finding and deactivating these points, acute and chronic pain can be dramatically reduced.

PNF (Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation) is a more advanced form of flexibility training that involves both the stretching and contraction of the muscle group being targeted. PNF stretching was originally developed as a form of rehabilitation, and to that effect it is very effective. It is also excellent for targeting specific muscle groups, and as well as increasing flexibility, it also improves muscular strength.

Joint Mobilization: For a trainer specializing in corrective strategies, this is where the rubber meets the road. Joint Mobilization is a process of taking a joint through a range of motion and identifying the hypertonic muscles and direction of weakness. This is done by first finding where the pain is in the joints range of motion and then doing the corresponding release work. When done correctly and combined with good posture work, this is a great way to regain joint centration.

Manual Therapy: There are many different types of manual therapy. For a trainer/massage therapist, manual therapy is any combination of lengthening and stretching techniques combined with deep tissue, structural and functional massage, and range of motion work. A manual therapist uses a wide variety of skill sets, as listed above. A good combination of structural assessment, postural evaluation, palpation skills, and a strong understanding of functional anatomy will make for a qualified manual therapist.

James Chapman - Chapman’s Body Dynamics

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